JINTAN (Black Cumin)

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Jintan is a creeping plant whose seeds can be used for spices and herbs. There are four different types of Jintan namely ordinary, sweet cumin, white cumin and black cumin. However, that is often used by people of white cumin and black cumin. Cumin widely cultivated in India and Southeast Asia. In Indonesia alone, cumin is used less popular compared with other spices.

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant from the Apiaceae family. Jintan is thought to originate from the Mediterranean to India daaerah East. In Indonesia, white cumin herbs used as food, especially in the areas of Sumatra, Bali and Sulawesi. In Thailand, known as Yeera, in Malaysia called white caraway or cumin. The smell is very strong white cumin and spicy effect, so often used in curry spices.

While the black cumin (Nigella sativa Linn) is an herb that can be used as a spice in addition to the kitchen, also believed to cure several diseases. Black cumin is more popularly known by the name of Black Seed in Arabic which means the seeds of fun. Like the white cumin, black cumin was derived from the Mediterranean to spread to Asia. Arab society known him since more than 2000 years ago. They use it as a medicinal plant to cope with health problems.

Black cumin Are small-sized, this plant not more than 3 mm, black and stringy. Included in Buttercup or Ranunculaceae family. Not much different from white cumin, black cumin was used as a medicinal plant since the time of Prophet Muhammad SAW are contained in a his hadith "Stay treatment with Habbattusauda for surely he can cure all diseases except death" (Bukhari).

Habbattusauda contains 15 kinds of amino acids included in it there are 9 essential amino acids that can not be produced by the body, which is very good for health. In addition, black cumin also contains an active ingredient called Nigellion and Timocinon. Both of these active substances serve as anti-histamine or anti-allergic, antioxidant, anti infesif and cleared his throat.

Black cumin is also a rich source of unsaturated fatty acids such as arakidat, linoleic acid, eikosanoat and medium-chain fatty acids such as palmitic, stearic and myristic acid. These fatty acids help the body boost the immune system, control of allergic reactions and can prevent infection.

The benefits of Black Cumin

When viewed from the content of nutrients and chemicals from black cumin on top, black cumin seed has many benefits for health. The benefits include:
1. Anti-allergy and influenza
Substance nigellion in black cumin can inhibit protekinase C is a substance that triggers the release of histamine in the body. Histamine is a substance released by bodily tissues, providing an allergic reaction.

2. Digestion and neutralize stomach acid
Contains oil and black cumin volatiles in work to improve the digestive tract and reduce stomach acid and can kill bacteria that cause diarrhea and cholera.

3. Boost immunity
According to research by experts, habbattusauda can increase the number of T cells that are good for increasing natural killer cells, thus helping to boost the immune system and can be used as a bioregulator and can treat a disease that attacks the immune system such as cancer, HIV and others.

4. Improve memory
The content of linoleic acid (omega-6) and linolenic acid (omega-3) in the black cumin is an essential nutrient needed by brain cells to improve memory and intelligence as well as blood circulation to the brain.

5. neutralize poison
The content of saponin in the Seed can neutralize and clean the toxins in the body.

6. anti-tumor
Black cumin may stimulate the bone marrow and immune cells. Compounds contained in black cumin can destroy tumor cells and may boost the immune system.

7. Overcoming sleep disorders and stress
Saponin in black cumin also serves as corticosteroids which may affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats as well as affecting the functioning of the heart, kidneys, muscles and nerves of the body, so it can defend the body from environmental changes, sleep disorders and stress.

8. ASI launched
The combination of unsaturated fatty acids and hormonal structure contained in the seeds of black cumin may stimulate the release of enzymes that produce breast milk so it can launch.

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